Geology for Rock Stars

Geological Time Scale & events affecting the present Bay of Fundy

Precambrian 5 bya – 544 mya*  
  1000 mya Volcanic islands formed off what is now Point Wolfe.
  1000 – 544 mya Volcanic rocks at Point Wolfe laid down when islands pushed into mainland
    Formation of the Caladonia Mountains (now the highlands)
     
Paleozoic 544 – 245 mya  
Cambrian (544 – 505 mya) Formation of the Application Mountains
Ordovician (505 – 440 mya) Pangea in process of being formed
Silurian (440 – 410 mya) Origin of present day Fundy fossils.
Devonian (410 – 360 mya) Sandstones and conglomerates of area laid down
Carboniferous (360 – 286 mya) Albertite – a coal like mineral named after Albert County formed
Permian (286 – 245 mya) Region was a lush tropical delta similar to the Amazon Basin of today.
     
Mesozoic 245 – 65 mya  
Triassic (245 – 208 mya) Dinosaurs roamed the area
Jurassic (208 – 146 mya) Break-up of Pangea and formation of Bay of Fundy rift valley.
Cretaceous (146 – 65 mya) Lava flows into rift valley and formation of Isle Haute
    Dinosaurs became extinct at beginning of this period
     
Cenozoic 65 mya – today  
Tertiary (65 – 1.8 mya) Ice ages contributed to the present form of the Bay of Fundy
Quaternary (1.8 mya – today) 13000 years ago – end of the the last ice age
    8000 years ago the Bay connected to the Atlantic Ocean. The giant tides were born.
*Billion years ago & million years ago

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